John 6 is well-known for the discourse on the bread of life and the living bread. The discourse is introduced through the narration of events: multiplication of loaves, prayer on the mountain, and walking on the water. So the scheme followed by the evangelist is “Act-discourse”. The three acts and the discourse together make one coherent whole. It is in John 6 Jesus begins to use “I am “formula for self-revelation. In John 6, the pivotal themes are revelation and Eucharist. John 6 is set against the feast of Passover.
First of all, the main sections may be defined as follows:
John 6: 1-14 – Multiplication of Loaves
John 6: 15 – Jesus’ withdrawal on the mountain
John 6: 16-21 – Walking on the water
John 6: 22-71 – Discourse on Bread of Life and the Living Bread