Eucharist and Council of Trent

At the beginning of the 16th century many in the Catholic Church felt the necessity of renewing the practice of the Eucharist. The Church had to fight against the popular customs which were against the spirit of the Eucharist. When the Council of Trent was opened on December 13, 1545, the break between the Catholic Church and Reformers was a reality. The bishops had to make a clear statement of the Catholic Doctrine in face of the excesses of those who had deviated from it. They had to oppose the abuses that were being practiced in the Church. So we must always keep in mind that the dogmatic canons attached to the decrees are thus to be seen as condemnations of what are judged to be the heresies of the Reformers. But also the numerous abuses about the Eucharistic celebrations were discussed. At the third session, the Council discussed the abuses, which were seen as the result of too little control on the liturgical books. During the second period the Council discussed about the Eucharist – the Decree of the most holy Eucharist and the Canons of the most holy Eucharist were promulgated. We find the Council speaks about the real presence; the institution; the primacy of the Eucharist; transubstantiation; the cult of the sacrament; the reservation of the sacrament; the preparation  and reception of the sacrament; Mass: holy sacrifice; (see the text in The Christian Faith: In the Doctrinal Documents of the Catholic Church 1512 to 1563)

Recommended Articles and Books

EUCHARISTIC THEOLOGY DURING MIDDLE AGES

A)    Eucharist and Controversies

B)    First Eucharistic Controversy: RADBERTUS AND RATRAMNUS

C)    Second Eucharistic Controversy: BERENGAR AND LANFRANC

D)    Eucharist and Scholastic Theology

E)     Eucharist and Doctrine of Concomitance

F)     Eucharist and St. Thomas Aquinas

G)    Eucharist and Protestant Reformers

H)    Eucharist and Council of Trent

I)       Eucharist and Post-Council of Trent

 

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